Hacker Term - Where it Comes From ? The True Hacker is ?
#1
Hacker Term - Where it Comes From ? The True Hacker is ?

Sources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hacker_%28p...culture%29

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hackers:_He...Revolution

http://www.cr0security.com/?leet=artikel&id=19

The term of hacker had been deviated until today. Today many people think that hacker is someone that break into a computer system or related to computer security. So where does the true hacker term comes from ? is it about computer security, really ?

Well we some movie affected some people that hacker is only a person that hack into a computer system or just computer security expert (example : hackers (1995)). The true hackers are old and many already death. The true hackers aren''''t something like that, the true hackers are heroes of the computer revolution, refer to people who have developed computer and internet until now, also refer to people with extraordinary programming skills .

Some example of true hackers : Richard Stallman, Linus Torvald, Dennis Ritchie, Ken Thompson, Tim Berners Lee.

"A hacker is an adherent of the computer programmer subculture that originally emerged in academia in the 1960s, around the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)''''s Tech Model Railroad Club (TMRC) and MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory.[citation needed] Hackers from this subculture tend to emphatically differentiate themselves from what they pejoratively call "crackers"; those who are generally referred to by media and members of the general public using the term "hacker", and whose primary focus, be it to malign or benevolent purposes, lies in exploiting weaknesses in computer security."

The Jargon File, an influential but not universally accepted compendium of hacker slang, defines hacker as "A person who enjoys exploring the details of programmable systems and stretching their capabilities, as opposed to most users, who prefer to learn only the minimum necessary."[2] The Request for Comments (RFC) 1392, the Internet Users'''' Glossary, amplifies this meaning as "A person who delights in having an intimate understanding of the internal workings of a system, computers and computer networks in particular."[3] As documented in the Jargon File, these hackers are disappointed by the mass media and general public''''s usage of the word hacker to refer to security breakers, calling them “crackers” instead. This includes both “good” crackers (“white hat hackers”) who use their computer security related skills and knowledge to learn more about how systems and networks work and to help to discover and fix security holes, as well as those more "evil" crackers (“black hat hackers”) who use the same skills to author harmful software (like viruses, trojans, etc.) and illegally infiltrate secure systems with the intention of doing harm to the system.[4] The programmer subculture of hackers, in contrast to the cracker community, generally sees computer security related activities as contrary to the ideals of the original and true meaning of the hacker term that instead related to playful cleverness.[4]
First and foremost to Levy''''s principles is the concept of the hacker ethic and the popularization of them to popular culture. In Levy''''s own words, the principles dictate;

Access to computers—and anything which might teach you something about the way the world works—should be unlimited and total. Always yield to the Hands-on Imperative!
All information should be free.
Mistrust authority—promote decentralization.
Hackers should be judged by their hacking, not bogus criteria such as degrees, age, race or position.
You can create art and beauty on a computer.
Computers can change your life for the better.

The hacker ethic deals with the idea that individuals are performing a duty for the common good, an analogy to a modern day ''''Robin Hood''''. The hacker communities as a result are prided on the fact that they are the rebellion against authority figures that restrict this level of computer freedom. Hackers are only judged by their ability as opposed to the various systems in places that currently dictate authority, such as schools and universities. Mostly the hacker ethic idealizes the notion of hacking being an art-form, something revered as opposed to disputed and frowned upon. Popularized by ''''phreakers'''' in the 1970s and 1980s, this is something that is not only evident, but also widespread among the growing community. As Manuel Castells, another lecturer involved in the field of computing, it is something that reflects not only on this community, but also of the wider social, political and financial world. In a sense, hacking is something that should affect everyone, but it is whether or not the interpretation that is given to hackers by Steven Levy compared with negative stereotypes of the media that dictate this perception.
Epilogue: The Last of the True Hackers

Richard Stallman, also known as RMS as per his initials, was called by Levy the "last of the true hackers". This did not mean "last real hacker", but rather the last faithful member of the class of hackers that Levy called the "true hackers". Stallman was getting a physics degree from Harvard at the same time as he was hacking at MIT''''s Tech Square building. He was for people cooperating instead of competing, and he did not like computers that restricted user access to computers through passwords. He advocated choosing the empty password so anyone could use the computers. RMS also wrote the text editor EMACS and shared it on the condition that those who modify its source code also share their modifications.

While RMS was fighting to keep the Hacker Ethic going with the computers at MIT, Richard Greenblatt and other AI hackers came up with a LISP machine and sought to form a company to sell them. Greenblatt was unwilling to yield to business pressures and wanted to form a company that would maintain the Hacker Ethic. Many others disagreed and the result was two competing companies. LISP Machine Incorporated, or LMI, was headed by Greenblatt, and Symbolics was headed by Russ Noftsker. Symbolics hired most of the lab hackers, and a schism was created between the two groups of hackers, to the point where some would not even talk to each other.

Stallman saw a whole hacker culture die as the existing hackers left for these companies and there were no new hackers to fill their shoes. RMS held Symbolics responsible for the lab''''s death, and set out to help their competitor LMI in response. RMS subsequently launched development of the GNU operating system, based on the UNIX design but following the principles of free software.





Well we some movie affected some people that hacker is only a person that hack into a computer system or just computer security expert (example : hackers (1995)). The true hackers are old and many already death.

#2
well , we need know, what we are stand ...
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#3
nice article bro,, wish we all know the truth

#4
opo iki mas bro, ra erooh aku Big Grin
tapi aku belum tua en ingin melanjutkannya...
#ketinggian kalee yahh Big Grin

artikel nya baguss broo...
aku suka dan prihatin
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#5
Nice Nice Arthicel Bro :-bd
salah gak tuh ya tulisan nya =))

#6
The term hacker has shifted far enough so that whenever there is a computer crime, they called hacker
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#7
(12-18-2012, 04:21 PM)iblist Wrote: opo iki mas bro, ra erooh aku Big Grin
tapi aku belum tua en ingin melanjutkannya...
#ketinggian kalee yahh Big Grin

artikel nya baguss broo...
aku suka dan prihatin

please use english at this sub forum international community brother
CAN U MAKE ME THE KING OF SATAN..??

#8
Nice info, keep sharing for all.., :-bd
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I'm just a linuxer....!!! ^_^
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#9
bahasa inggris... kudu di translate dulu... tapi sip lah..

#10
(12-25-2012, 04:06 AM)cahdaoen Wrote: bahasa inggris... kudu di translate dulu... tapi sip lah..

please use english at this sub forum international community brother
CAN U MAKE ME THE KING OF SATAN..??





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